Moonday’s Heroic Hunk: Helios

 

Artist's Representation

This week’s Heroic Hunk in History is Helios, a Titan (an early Greek god) who was patron of the island of Rhodes.  In 304 BC, the people of Rhodes (a Greek island in the eastern Aegean Sea) built the Colossus of Rhodes to celebrate their victory in 305 BC over Demetrios Poliorketes, the son of one of Alexander the Great’s successors.  The Rhodians took the money from the sale of Demetrius’ siege equipment and commissioned Chares, a native of Rhodes and a student of the famous sculptor Lysippus, to construct a bronze statue to honor Helios. 

The 110 foot tall statue which rested on a 50 foot high marble pedestal at the entrance to the harbor, took 12 years.  Chares incorporated Demetrios’ bronze weapons into the statue. The workers cast the outer bronze skin parts which was fortified with an iron and stone framework.  Ancient accounts has the Colossus straddling the harbor but later accounts assert that it stood on a pedestal to one side of the harbor.

Medieval Representation

The statue snapped at the knees, fell during an earthquake circa 226 BC and lay on the ground for 800 years.  Pliny reported the statue was so large that several people could wrap their arms around the statue’s thumb and each finger was larger than a full-size statue. Although it only stood for 56 years, the oracle of Delphi told the people of Rhodes not to rebuild it. In 654, the story is that an Arab Muslims captured Rhodes, broke down the statue and sold the bronze to a merchant in Edessa. 

The Captured Rebels from the movie Colossus of Rhodes

The Colossus does have some more modern associations. The design, posture and dimensions of the Statue of Liberty in New York Harbor were based on what the Colossus and a 1961 film the “Colossus of Rhodes” which was directed by Sergio Leone (of  The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly fame) and starred bad boy Rory Calhoun. Shakespeare made several references to the Colossus, in Julius Caesar Cassius says of Caesar:

     Why man, he doth bestride the narrow world
     Like a Colossus, and we petty men
     Walk under his huge legs and peep about
     To find ourselves dishonorable graves

Note:  This month, Rita Bay’s Blog features all the Wonders of the World.  Check them out at: http://ritabay.wordpress.com/.

Next Moonday, Back to the Prisoners   Rita Bay

Advertisements

2 Responses

  1. The sheer proportions of the statue mere men created were enough to inspire awe. And as happens so often, other mere men saw only the current value of the metal –rather than the artistic, cultural and hirtoric value– and destroyed it.

    There were Civil War cannons on the upper wall of Ship Island’s fort off the coast of Mississippi, and a contractor was allowed to go there, cut them up, and sell their metal for salvage. It was such a costly expedition he gave up half way through. Some pieces were saved, but it wasn’t the same. How sad we almost always fall into thinking of only here and now.

    Beautifully done, Rita Bay. Thank you!

  2. WOW. This is awesome. I love the first picture. So well done.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: